dimanche 16 septembre 2007

History of the fountain pen



Since I started collecting vintage fountain pens, I have often had difficulty finding a sort of chronology to help me classify them. For this very same reason I would like to be helpful to other collectors who are as passionate as I am. If you have any other information to share or suggestions to make, I will be grateful to you all. Thank you in advance, Carlos SanchezAlamo

1837 November 20th, birth of Lewis Edson Waterman in Decatur, Otsego County, New York
1843 21st November Thomas Hancock registered a patent for the vulcanisation of rubber using sulphur.
1863 24th June Charles Goodyear registered a patent for rubber vulcanisation. Material used for making the fountain pens until 1930's
1863 November 1st, birth of George Safford Parker in Shullsburg, Wisconsin
1867 July 27th, birth of Walter A. Sheaffer in Bloomfield, Iowa
1864 Invention of the Siphoïde (ancester of the fountain pen) in France by Jean Benoït Mallat
1882-1884 Invention of the first reliable ink feed for a fountain pen by L.E. Waterman.
1884 February 12th, First patent of Waterman for his channel ink feed. For many collectors this is the date of the creation of the real fountain pen
1884 Waterman formed the Ideal Pen Company with his customer Asa Shipman
1884-1928 Eyedropper filling used by Waterman
1887 Waterman formed the L.E. Waterman Pen Company
1890 Invention of the glass cartridge pen by Eagle
1894 Lucky Curve feed by Parker
1996 September 8th Mooris W. Moore of Holyoke, Massachusetts patented a pen with a retractable nib (Safety pen)
1897 Foundation of the A.A. Waterman Pen Company in New York City by Arthur A. Waterman, who was no relation to L.E. Waterman. Roy Conklin invented a self-filling pen: the Crescent Filler
1897Foundation of the Self-Filling Fountain Pen Company by Roy Conklin in Toledo, Ohio. One year later the same company became The Conklin Pen Manufactiring Company
1899 Spoon feed by Waterman. 1st style Pump filling used by Waterman. Foundation of the American Fountain Pen Company and began producing the Non-Leakable line of Moore's Pens
1901 Death of Lewis Edson Waterman. July 16th, Seth S. Crocker patented a blow filler plen
1901-1928 Crescent Filler by Conklin
1902 Foundation of the Crocker Pen Company on Massachusetts by Seth S. Crocker
1903-1926 2nd style Pump filling used by Waterman
1904 First self filling desing by Parker
1904-1907 New Lincoln pen (a regular eyedropper filler pen) by A.A. Waterman
1907-1940s Safety pen used by Waterman. Arthur A. Waterman was forced out of the company by two of his investors, who continued production using the AA Waterman name
1908 Patent of Sheaffer for a lever filler. Foundation of The Simplo Filler Pen Company (later Montblanc)
1910-1915 Sleeve Filler used by Waterman
1912 The Jack-Knife Safety pen by Parker
1913 Foundation of the Sheaffer Pen Company. Button filling by Parker
1913-1914 Coin Filler used by Waterman
1913-1916 Disappering clip by Parker
1914 Russell Parker came into the family business. Wahl bought the Ever-Sharp Pencil Company and became The Wahl Eversharp Company
1915-1955 Lever Filler used by Waterman
1916 Washer clip by Parker
1917 Wahl acquired the Boston Fountain Pen Company. The American Fountain Pen Co. wer reorganized as the Moore Pen Company
1918-1922 Tempoint by Wahl
1918 Moore began making lever filling pens under the Boston patent. Frack Leboeuf patented a manufacturing process through which pens were produced from celluloid tubing.
1919 Kenneth Parker joined the family company
1920 Lifetime guarantee fountain pen by Sheaffer
1921 Duofold by Parker. Wahl introduced all metal pens to match its line of Eversharp pencils
1922 Deluxe Duofold by Parker
1923 Ripple by Waterman. "Lifetime" white dot by Sheaffer. First Black Duofold by Parker. "Signature" pen by Wahl. Seth C.Crocker, son of Seth S.Crocker, started another pen company: The Chilton Pen Company of Boston Massachusetts and began to make pump filler pens
1923-1924 First lever filling pen by Conklin and Conklin Duragraph
1924 Introduction of the celluloid (called "Radite") pen in jade green color by Sheaffer. Meisterstück by Montblanc. Eternal by Mabie Todd
1924-1932 Endura by Conklin
1925-1932 Second lever filling by Conklin
1925-1929 Red Dot guarantee by Moore
1926 #7 and #5 hard rubber Ripple pen with colored band around the top of the cap by Waterman. Introduction of the Apple green by Parker, this is the first Parker celluloid (permanite) pen. Carter's started producing fountain pens. The Chilton Pen Company moved to Long Island City, New York and the same year began producing plastic pens
1927 Moore began to make plastic pens. Chilton changed slightly his filler so that instead of the entire barrel moving up to pump
1928 Rose Ripple, Olive Ripple and Blue-Green Ripple by Waterman
1929 Balance by Sheaffer. Julius Schnell began production of the Schnell Penselpen. Deco band pens and Personal point nib by Wahl Eversharp. Pelikan 100
1929-1938 The name and patents of the Crocker Pen Company were sold to Nicholas Zaino
1930 Endura Symetrik by Conklin
1931 Conklin Nozac designed by Louis Vavrik. Equipoised by Wahl Eversharp. Thumb-filler model by Leboeuf
1930-1931 Patrician by Waterman
1931 Doric by Wahl Eversharp. The plastic (celluloid) Rheingolds models by Soennecken
1932 Aikin Lambert Co. was absorbed by Waterman. Chilton moved from Boston to Long Island City, New York. Rappen by Pelikan
1933-1938 Plastic #7 by Waterman
1933-1948 Vacuum-Filler by Parker later named Parker Vacumatic
1934 Sheaffer began making a pump filler in reponse to the Parker Vacumatic
1935-1940 Ink-Vue by Waterman. Wing-flow model by Chilton
1936 Glass cartridge pen by Jiff Waterman. Visofil by Mabie Todd
1935-1940 The Ink-Vue pen by Waterman
1936 Coronet by Wahl Eversharp
1938 Pelikan 100N. The Conklin Fountain Pen Company was sold to a Chicago syndicate
1939 Carter's stopped making fountain pens. The Blue Diamond, the guaranteed for life by Parker. Crest model by Sheaffer. Imperial Vacumatic by Parker
1940 The Wahl Company was merged with its subsidiary Eversharp Inc.
1941 Parker 51
1941-1949 Skyline by Eversharp
1942 Triumph nib by Sheaffer
1942-1946 Commando pen by Waterman
1944 Fifth Avenue by Eversharp
1946-49 Emblem pen by Waterman. CA (Capillary Action), the first ball-point by Eversharp
1946-1950 Fingertip Pen by Moore
1949 Touchdown filling by Sheaffer
1948-1965 Parker 21
1950 Eversharp Symphony pen designed by Raymond Loewy
1950-1956 Specialist by Moore
1952-1963 Snorkel filling by Sheaffer
1952 The 222 series by Soennecken
1954 CF (Cartridge Filler) pen by Waterman. Parker Jotter, the first ballpoint by Parker. The 111 series by Soennecken
1957-62 Parker 61
1957 Eversharp Inc. sold its complete writing instruments division to the Parker Pen Company
1959-1963 The PFM (Pen for Men) by Sheaffer
1960-1980 Parker 45. Imperial by Sheaffer
1962-1964 Parker VP (Very personel)
1964-1983 Parker 75
1970-1971 Parker T1